Common Treatments for Skin Cancer

Common Treatments for Skin Cancer

Common Treatments for Skin Cancer In the case of skin cancer, a single type of treatment is not optimal. Your options depend on the type of skin cancer you have, where you are, the size and location of the tumor, and your health.

If you are looking for a certified dermatologist to help you decide how to treat your skin cancer, inform Anthony Rossi, MD, FAAD, certified dermatologist and assistant at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. “It is important to talk to a dermatologist who understands the structure of skin cancer and current treatments,” he says. “If you do not know if a provider is a real doctor, ask, and if there is a dermatologist” Board Certified, “there are a lot of doctors who claim to be dermatologists, and that can be misleading.”

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Depending on the situation, your doctor may recommend using one or combination of the following treatments.

Surgery
If skin cancer is detected for most species, especially in the early stages, the main treatment is to “surgically remove skin cancer from the skin with a normal tissue margin and treat it effectively, and prevent it from returning or explaining Dr. Rossi.

In this treatment, the surgeon will use anesthesia to prevent you from feeling pain. Later, open surgery makes a large cut to remove the doctor’s tumor and some peripheral health problems. In the case of minimally invasive surgery, the surgeon makes several small cuts and displays a monitor in the tube with a camera called the Laparoscope, so the surgeon can see the operation. The surgeon then inserts tools from other small incisions to remove the tumor and some healthy tissue.

Mohs Micro-graphic surgery
This particular surgery is considered to be the most effective technique in the treatment of many basal and squamous cell carcinomas and is used in early metastatic early cancer. “It helps to have a much more normal, non-cancerous ulcer than cancer and make a full tissue margin examination,” Rossi explains, the surgeon may be confident that all of the cancer has been removed.

Radiation therapy
As a rule, as an alternative to surgery for elderly patients and others who cannot undergo surgery, radiotherapy uses high-energy rays (often X-rays) to kill cancer cells. The beams can be supplied by a machine or by taking a solid or liquid form of radiation. “It can also be used in conjunction with surgery if the skin cancer is more advanced or has aggressive properties that would make it susceptible to repetition or propagation,” Dr. Rossi adds.

Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy in skin cancer occurs in many forms — oral, intravenous, tangy, and current. As always they are delivered, these potent treatment destroy cancer cells or to stop their growth or slow down. “Chemotherapy is used when the skin cancer has become more metastatic or spread to distant organs of the body and is not suitable for surgery or radiation,” explains Dr. Rossi. Chemo can also damage healthy cells, which causes side effects such as hair loss.

Photodynamic therapy (PDT)
This non-surgical treatment option approved for the Actinic Keratosis uses a treatment that is a photo sensitisator, and then a light source that activates it, explains Rossi. “When the reaction is activated, it causes the destruction or death of the precancerous and carcinogenic cells, ” he says, adding that it can be used for early superficial skin cancer (especially early basal and squamous, off-label) when The patient is not surgery or is not a surgical candidate.

Biological therapies
Rossi, also called immune treatments, are molecules or vaccines that support the body’s immune system to destroy cancer cells. These are usually reserved for advanced or metastatic skin cancers.

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Common Treatments for Skin Cancer

Targeted Treatments
These therapies target specific mutations when they occur in melanomas to prevent tumor growth or tumor progression. “Through targeted mutations or interventions in certain molecules, the growth of cancer cells can be prevented.” Says. They are most commonly used in metastatic cancers or advanced cancers.

Creams
Creams such as 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU), Imiquimod and Infestl mebutate in the form of topical chemotherapy can be used to treat actinic keratoses and some can be used to provide early superficial basal and squamous cancer diseases. label. “While Imiquimod tries to strengthen the local immune response to detect and destroy cancer cells,” 5-fu inhibits tumor replication by disrupting cellular replication. “” Inebutat is a substance found in the water of Euphorbia peplus plant and as an inducer of cell death. The gel formulation is FDA approved for the treatment of Actinic keratosis. “

Laser therapy
High intensity light emitting lasers have been used to treat skin cancer to reduce or eliminate tumors or precancerous proliferation. However, this is not appropriate for all skin tumors, so the risks and benefits board is discussed with the approved dermatologist, adds Rossi.