Skin Cancer Treatment Options Mayo
Skin Cancer Treatment Options Mayo Skin cancer develops mainly on the areas of the skin exposed to the sun, including the scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, arms and hands, and on the legs in women. But it can also be formed on areas that rarely see daylight-your palms, under your toenails or toenails, and your genital area.
Skin Cancer Treatment Options Mayo affects people of all skin tones, including those with darker skins. When melanoma occurs in people with darker skin tones, it is more likely to occur in areas not normally exposed to the sun, such as palms of hands and soles of the feet.
Signs and symptoms of basal carcinoma
Basal carcinoma usually occurs in areas exposed to the sun of your bodies, such as your neck or face.
Basal carcinoma may appear as:
- A pearly or waxed hump
- A dish, flesh color or brown scar-like lesion
- Bleeding or a crusty pain that heals and returns
- Signs and symptoms of squamous carcinoma
- Most often, squamous carcinoma occurs on the sun-exposed areas of your body, such as your face, ears, and hands.
- People with darker skin are more likely to develop squamous carcinoma on areas that are not often exposed to the sun.
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Epidermal carcinomas may appear as:
- A firm and red nodule
- A flat lesion with a joint and crusted surface
- Signs and symptoms of melanoma
- Melanoma can grow anywhere on your body, in otherwise normal skin or in an existing mole that becomes cancerous.
- Melanoma appears most often on the face or trunk of affected men. In women, this type of cancer usually develops in the lower limbs. In men and women, melanoma may appear on skin that has not been exposed to the sun.
Melanoma can affect people of any complexion. In people with darker skin tones, melanoma tends to occur on the palms or soles, or under the fingernails or toes.
The signs of melanoma include:
- A large brownish spot with darker stains
- A mole that changes color, size or sensation or bleeds
- A small lesion with an irregular border and portions that appear in red, pink, white, blue or blue-black
- A painful lesion that itches or burns
- Dark-colored lesions in the palms, feet, toes or toes or to the mucous membranes that carry the mouth, nose, vagina or anus
- Signs and symptoms of less frequent skin cancer
- Other types of skin cancer are less frequent:
Kaposi’s sarcoma. This rare form of Skin Cancer Treatment Options Mayo develops in the blood vessels of the skin and causes red or violet stains on the skin or mucous membranes. Kapodistrias’s sarcoma occurs primarily in people with weakened immune systems, such as people with AIDS, and in people taking medications that suppress their natural immunity, such as People who have undergone organ transplants.
Other people with an increased risk of Kaposi sarcoma include young men living in Africa or older men of the Italian Jewish heritage or eastern Europe.
Merkel’s cell carcinoma. Merkel’s cell carcinoma causes firm and shiny nodules that occur on or just under the skin and in the hair follicles. Merkel’s cell carcinoma is most often found on the head, neck, and trunk.
Sebaceous gland carcinoma. This infrequent and aggressive cancer comes from the oil glands in the skin. Seborrheic carcinomas – which usually appear as hard and painless nodules – can grow anywhere, but most occur in the eyelid, where they are often confused with other eyelid problems.
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Your treatment options for skin cancer and premalignant skin lesions known as actinic keratoses will vary depending on the size, type, depth, and location of the lesions. Small Skin Cancer Treatment Options Mayo limited to the skin surface may not require treatment beyond an initial skin biopsy that eliminates all growth.
If additional processing is required, the options may include:
Freezing. Your doctor can destroy Actinic keratoses and some small early skin cancers by freezing them with liquid nitrogen (cryosurgery). The dead tissue is bashed when it has thawed.
Excisional surgery. This type of treatment can be suitable for any type of skin cancer. Your doctor cuts (excels) the cancerous tissue and a surrounding margin of healthy skin. Large excision — eliminating extra-normal skin around the tumor — may be recommended in some cases.
Mohs surgery. This procedure is for larger, recurrent or difficult to treat skin cancers, which can include both basal and flaky carcinomas. It is often used in areas where it is necessary to keep as much skin as possible, as on the nose.
During Mohs surgery, your doctor removes the skin growth layer by layer, examining each layer under the microscope, until abnormal cells remain. This process allows the removal of cancer cells without taking excessive amounts around healthy skin.
D & D or cryotherapy. After removing most of the growth, your doctor removes the layers of cancerous cells using a device with a circular blade (cure). An electric needle destroys all the remaining cancer cells. In a variant of this procedure, liquid nitrogen can be used to freeze the base and edges of the treated area.
These simple and rapid procedures can be used to treat basal cell cancers or cancers of thin squamous cells.
Skin Cancer Treatment Options Mayo
Radiotherapy uses high-power energy bundles, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy can be an option when cancer cannot be completely removed during surgery.
Chemotherapy. In chemotherapy, drugs are used to kill cancer cells. For cancers that are confined to the upper layer of the skin, creams or lotions containing anticancer substances can be applied directly to the skin. Systemic chemotherapy can be used to treat skin cancers that have spread to other parts of the body.
Photodynamic therapy. This treatment destroys the skin cancer cells with a combination of laser light and drugs that make the cancer cells light-sensitive.
Biological treatment. Organic therapy uses your body’s immune system to kill cancer cells.
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