Symptoms of Melanoma Metastasis
Symptoms of Melanoma Metastasis Melanoma is the rarest and most dangerous skin cancer type. It starts in melanocytes, which are the cells in the middle that produce melanin. Melanin is the pigment responsible for the skin color.
Melanoma develops to grow on the skin, which often resembles moles. These proliferations or tumors may also originate from existing moles. Melanomas can form on the skin anywhere on your body, even within the month or vagina.
Metastatic melanoma occurs when the cancer spreads from the tumor to other parts of the body. This is also called Level 4 melanoma. Melanoma is the most likely of all skin cancers that become more metastatic if they are not caught early.
The Melanomraten has been rising for 30 years. It is estimated that 10,130 people will die of melanoma 2016.
What are the symptoms of metastatic melanoma?
Unusual mules may be the only indication of melanoma that has not yet metastasized.
Mules caused by melanoma can have the following characteristics:
Asymmetry: Both sides of a healthy mole look very similar when you draw a stroke through them. Melanoma is caused by a moon two halves or growth seems very different.
border: A healthy mole has smooth, even limits. Melanomas have jagged or uneven boundaries.
Color: A carcinogenic mole will have more than one color, including:
Size: Melanomas tend to have a larger diameter than benign mules. They usually grow larger than the eraser on a pencil
You should always have a doctor who changes in size, shape or color, because he can be a sign of cancer.
The symptoms of a metastatic melanoma depend on where the cancer has spread. These symptoms usually only occur when the cancer is already advanced.
If you have metastatic melanoma, you may experience symptoms such as:
- Hardened lumps under the skin
- swollen or painful lymph nodes
- Breathing difficulties or a cough that does not go away when the cancer has spread to the lungs
- Enlarged liver or lack of appetite if the cancer has spread to the liver or stomach
- Bone pain or broken bones when the cancer has spread to the bone
- Weight loss
- Seizures when the cancer has spread to your brain
- Weakness or numbness in the arms or legs
What are the causes and risk factors of the metastatic melanoma?
Melanoma occurs through a mutation in melanin-producing skin cells. Doctors currently believe that excessive exposure to ultraviolet light is the main cause, either by sunlight or tanning beds.
Metastatic melanoma occurs when the melanoma is not detected and treated at an early stage.
Several risk factors can contribute to the development of melanoma. Those with a family history of melanoma have a higher risk than those who do not. About 10 percent of the people who develop melanoma have a familial history of the disease. Other risk factors are:
- Fair or light skin
- A large number of moles, especially irregular mules
- Frequent exposure to ultraviolet light
Those who are older are more likely to develop melanoma than younger people. Nevertheless, melanoma is one of the most common cancers in people under 30, especially among young women. After the age of 50 years, men have a higher risk of developing melanoma.
The risk that melanomas become metastatic is higher among those who have:
- Primary melanomas that are visible skin proliferation
- Melanomas that are not removed
- A suppressed immune system
How is metastatic melanoma diagnosed?
If you notice an unusual mole or growth, arrange an appointment to have it checked by a dermatologist. A dermatologist is a doctor who specializes in skin diseases.
If the mole appears suspicious, dermatologists will remove a small sample of the skin to check for cancer. If he returns positively, you will probably get the mole out completely. It’s called Excisionalbiopsie.
You will also evaluate the tumor by its thickness. Generally, the thicker the tumor is, the more serious the melanoma is. This will affect your treatment plan.
Diagnosis of metastatic melanoma
When melanoma is detected, your doctor will conduct tests to ensure that the cancer has not spread.
One of the first tests you can order is a sentinel node biopsy. This includes pumping dyes into the area from which the melanoma was removed. The dye moves to the nearby lymph nodes. These lymph nodes are then removed and examined for cancer cells. If they are Phoebe, this typically means that the cancer has not spread.
If the cancer is in your lymph nodes, your doctor will use other tests to see if the cancer has spread somewhere else in your body. These include:
- CT Scans
- MRI Scans
- PET Scans
- Blood tests
How is metastatic melanoma treated?
The treatment of a melanomwachstums begins with excision surgery to remove the tumor and the cancer cells around them. Surgery alone can treat melanoma that has not yet spread.
As soon as the cancer is metastasized and spread, other treatments are required.
If the cancer has spread to your lymph nodes, the affected areas can be removed by lymph node dissection. Doctors can prescribe interferon even after surgery to reduce the likelihood of cancer spreading.
Your doctor may suggest radiation, immune therapy, or chemotherapy to treat metastatic melanoma. Surgery can be used to remove cancer in other parts of the body.
Metastatic melanoma is often difficult to treat. However, many clinical studies are underway that are looking for new ways to treat the condition.
Complications due to treatment
The treatments for metastatic melanoma can cause nausea, pain, vomiting and fatigue.
Removing the lymph nodes can interfere with the lymphatic system. This can lead to fluid accumulation and swelling in the limbs, called lymphedema.
Some people experience a confusion or “mental cloudiness” during chemotherapy. This is temporary. Others may experience peripheral neuropathy or damage to the nerves from chemotherapy. This can be permanent.
What does the outlook for the metastatic melanoma look like?
Melanoma is curable when it is caught and treated early. Once the melanoma has become metastatic, it is much more difficult to treat. The average five-year survival rate for the metastatic melanoma level 4 is approximately 15 to 20 percent.
If you have had metastatic melanoma or melanoma in the past, it is important to continue to receive regular follow-ups with your doctor. Metastatic melanoma can repeat itself and can even return to other parts of the body.
Symptoms of Melanoma Metastasis
Early detection is essential to treat melanoma successfully before it becomes more metastatic. Arrange an appointment with your dermatologist for annual skin cancer checks. You should also call them when you notice new or changing mules.