What are Symptoms of Melanoma Cancer

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What are Symptoms of Melanoma Cancer

What are Symptoms of Melanoma Cancer If you are in a high-risk group for skin cancer or have ever been treated for any form of the disease, you should be familiar with how skin cancer looks? Examine your skin from head to toe every few months, with a full-length mirror and hand mirror to check your mouth, nose, scalp, palms, soles, back of the ears, genital area, and between the buttocks. Cover every inch of the skin and pay special attention to mules and sites of earlier skin cancer. If you find a suspicious growth, let your dermatologist examine it.

Unusual mules, sores, lumps, blemishes, markings or changes in the way an area of the skin looks or feels can be a sign of melanoma or some other type of cancer or a warning that it could occur.

Symptoms of Melanoma Cancer Spreading

 

Normal mules
A normal mole is usually an evenly colored brown, brownish or black spot on the skin. It can be either flat or raised. It can be round or oval. Mules are usually less than 6 millimeters (about ¼ inches) transverse (about the width of a pencil eraser). Some mules may be present at birth, but most appear in childhood or young adulthood. New mules that appear later in life should be checked by a doctor.

As soon as a mole has developed, it will usually retain the same size, shape, and color for many years. Some mules may eventually disappear.

Most people have mules, and almost all mules are harmless. But it is important to recognize changes in a mole – as in its size, shape, or color – that can indicate that melanoma can be developed.

Possible signs and symptoms of melanoma
The most important warning sign of melanoma is a new stain on the skin or a stain that changes in size, shape or color. Another important sign is a stain that looks different from all the other stains on the skin (known as the Ugly Duck sign). If you have one of these warning signs, let a doctor check your skin.

The ABCDE rule is another guide to the usual signs of melanoma. Be on the lookout and tell your doctor about spots that have one of the following features:

  • A is for asymmetry: one half of a mole or birth sign does not correspond to the other.
  • b is for the border: the edges are irregular, torn, notched or blurred.
  • C is for color: The color is not the same everywhere and may contain different shades of brown or black, or sometimes with patches of pink, red, white or blue.
  • D is for the diameter: the stain is larger than 6 millimeters across (about ¼ inches – the size of a pencil eraser), although melanomas can sometimes be smaller.
  • E is for development: the mole changes in size, shape or color.

Some melanomas do not fit these rules. It is important to tell your doctor about any changes or new stains on your skin, or of growths that look different than the rest of your mules.

What are Symptoms of Melanoma Cancer

Other warning signs are:

  • A wound that does not heal
  • Propagation of pigments from the boundary of a spot into the surrounding skin
  • Redness or a new swelling beyond the boundary of the mole
  • Change of sensation, such as itching, tenderness or pain
  • Change in the surface of a mole – scaling, bleeding, bleeding, or the appearance of a lump or bump

Make sure that you show your doctor all the areas that concern you, and ask your doctor to look at areas that are difficult for you to see. It is sometimes difficult to recognize the difference between melanoma and an ordinary mole, even for doctors, so it is important to show your doctor any mole of which you are unsure.